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    那些我們既熟悉又陌生的中國古典樂器

    溫醫英語秀2021-01-16 10:12:28


    8日下午,美國總統特朗普抵達北京,開始對中國進行為期三天的國事訪問。第一站去的就是我們大中華的故宮博物院!!!

    US President Donald Trump arrived in Beijing in the afternoon of November 8th, kicking off a three-day state visit to China. The first stop is the great China's Palace Museum!!!

    習大大陪著川普夫婦參觀了故宮的各大景點,并向他們展示了故宮里收藏的各式各樣的國之瑰寶...

    紅日銜山,華燈初上,兩國元首夫婦轉入暢音閣(Pavilion of Cheerful Melodies

    ),觀看了《梨園春苗》《美猴王》《貴妃醉酒》三個精彩劇目。來賓們陣陣掌聲和聲聲喝彩不絕于耳。


    川普欣賞完Peking Opera后非常的happy and satisfied,在Twitter上發文感謝,還把背景換成了與京劇演員的合影!

    你們知道我們的國粹京劇哪里讓川普大總統這么喜歡嗎?

    我悄咪咪地告訴你哦

    其實不僅僅有京劇演員們出彩的演技與厚實的唱功

    更有幕后各種古典樂器精彩絕倫的配奏呀?

    小編去聽了一下下《梨園春苗》有點聽不懂,只能聽聽戲曲的旋律啦。細細聽來發現其中有二胡,笛子,嗩吶,胡琴...

    哇!這么多,都分不清哪個是哪個了

    1


    二胡(Erhu)


    二胡是小提琴家族的祖父。它的兩弦共鳴著濃濃的悲傷的聲音,常常激勵著淚水和深沉的思想。如今真正的蛇皮底座還是很常見的,但是貓腸弦已經用鋼弦代替了。唐朝“流行的樂隊”,把二胡的古典聲音有效地融入了當代“搖滾樂”中。

    The erhu is? the grandfather of the violin clan. Its two strings resonate thick sad sounds, which often motivate tears and deep thoughts. It is still common to find real snake skin bases, but the cat-gut strings have been replaced with steel ones. The popular band, Tang Dynasty, has effectively integrated the erhu's classic sound into the modern rock sound.

    2


    笛子(Dizi)


    笛子是由竹子做成的樂器,據說在2000年前最早出現于南亞和中亞。笛子是一種獨特的單人彈奏樂器,但也在合唱團和管弦樂隊里被頻繁彈奏。笛子有6個吹氣孔,奏出的聲音響亮清脆。

    The Dizi is a bamboo flute. It has been suggested that the instrument originated in Southern or Central Asia over 2000 years ago. It is a unique solo instrument and is also used extensively in ensembles and orchestras. These flutes have 6 open holes and a lovely bright sound.

    3


    琵琶(Pipa)


    琵琶被稱為中國笛子,最早可追溯到2000多年前。琵琶是中國許多彈撥弦樂器中最受人歡迎的一種。彈奏琵琶的手法多種多樣。無論是在中國還是外國,最常見的是琵琶獨奏和在管弦樂隊中彈奏。琵琶的另一個特色是彈奏者幾乎都是女演奏家。


    The Pipa is a Chinese lute and goes back more than 2000 years. The pipa is the most popular of Chinese pluncked stringed instruments. Playing techniques vary widely. It is used commonly as a solo and orchestral instrument, both in China and abroad. Pipa players are almost always female.

    4


    嗩吶(Suona)


    嗩吶是公元3世紀時由波斯、阿拉伯一帶傳入中國。被稱為中國小號,進一步細化為高音嗩吶,高音喇叭;中音嗩吶,中音喇叭;低音嗩吶,低音喇叭。

    Suona was introduced into China from Persia and Arabia in the third century, also called "Chinese trumpet", and further specialized into gaoyinsuona, the soprano trumpet, zhongyinsuona, the lower trumpet and? diyinsuona, the bass trumpet.

    5


    笙(Sheng)


    笙,也被稱為中國口琴,是中國最古老的樂器之一。笙為手風琴和口琴的誕生帶來了靈感。笙吹奏出來的聲音非常空靈美妙,鮑勃·迪倫真應該在風中吹奏一曲笙。

    The Sheng, also called the Chinese mouthorgan, is one of the most ancient ?Chinese instruments. The Sheng is the instrument that inspired the invention of the accordion and harmonica. It has a wonderful blowing sound. Bob Dylan really should strap one of these on and blow in the wind for a while.

    6


    鑼(Luo)


    鑼是由貝司手彈奏的一種圓形的打擊樂器。當敲擊鑼的時候,就有聲音的回響傳出來。大鑼是由纏著布的小槌敲擊,而小鑼則由木制或竹制的小木棒敲擊奏音。鑼通常在傳統戲劇、民間音樂和瑜伽課時彈奏。鑼發出的聲音能給人們帶來神奇的放松的感覺,尤其是在鍛煉結束后,下次你不妨試試看!

    Gongs are round percussion instruments made of brass. You hit them, then a wave of sound floats out. Big gongs are played with a hammer which is wrapped in cloth, whereas small gongs are played with bamboo or wooden sticks. The instrument is commonly used in traditional operas, folk music and yoga class. The waves of sound do wonders in helping people relax, especially after exercise. Try it!

    中國的古典樂器真的多得我一時整理不完了耶

    那我就給你們大致羅列一下有哪些樂器吧


    中國古典樂器

    Chinese classical musical instruments







    ???

    中國古典樂器


    Jinghu?

    京胡

    Khomuz

    口弦琴

    Gaohu

    高胡

    Gehu

    革胡

    Sihu

    四胡

    Dalei?

    ? ? ?大擂

    Banhu?

    板胡

    Matouqin

    馬頭琴

    Liuqin

    柳琴

    Ruan?

    ? ? ? 阮

    Yueqin

    月琴

    Yangqin?

    ? ?揚琴

    Konghou?

    ? ? 箜篌

    Se?

    Hudie Zheng?

    ?蝴蝶箏?

    Xun?

    ? ? ? 塤

    Hulusi?

    ? ? ?葫蘆絲

    Bawu?

    ? ? ?巴烏

    Shuangguan

    ? 雙管

    ?Sanxian?

    ? ? ? 三弦

    Guzheng?

    ? ? 古箏

    Duxianqin?

    ? ? ?獨弦琴

    Paixiao?

    排簫

    Guanzi?

    管子






    謝謝閱讀

    The End




    有興趣的同學可以自己去再了解一下喲

    要是能再學上一手那就更好啦!

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